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Last Update: 03 Aug 2017
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Library Tools and StandardsLibrary Tools and Standards

Introduction to the Standards

Conforming to recognized standards in managing cataloguing records and other digital record storage is important for the purpose of resource sharing accross library databases.

In Union Catalogue, we are using Machine Readable Cataloguing Format (MARC), and all our records are stored in according to this internationally recognized cataloguing standard.

The information from a catalogue card cannot simply be typed into a computer to produce an automated catalogue. The computer needs a means of interpreting the information found on a cataloguing record. The MARC record contains a guide to its data, or little "signposts" , before each piece of bibliographic information.

Presently, there is a new standards on cataloging developed in a collaborative process led by the RDA Steering Committee (RSC) to replace the AACR.

The new standard call Resource Description and Access (RDA) is a standard for descriptive cataloging initially released in June 2010, providing instructions and guidelines on formulating bibliographic data in digital era.


Read more for Cataloging Standard

MARC21 Reference

MARC21 – Authority Reference

MARC21 – Bibliographic Reference

Read more on RDA

Read more on LCSH

●Read More on DDC:

- Introduction to the Dewey Decimal Classification